Historiography and source base development of metrological support in Ukraine (ХХ – beginning of ХХІ centuries)

Keywords: metrological support, historiography, development of metrology, scientific research, archival materials, a key base, Ukraine

Abstract

The article is devoted to the determination of the state of scientific elaboration of the problem of forming the system of metrological support in Ukraine during the 20th century - the beginning of the XXI century. The system of metrological support is scientific and organizational bases in combination with technical means, norms and rules is an effective means of achieving the necessary accuracy and quality of measurements in all spheres. During the ХХ century a network of research institutes in the field of metrology has been formed in Ukraine and a number of standards have been created. The most fruitful for the development of the reference base was the period of 1991 – the beginning of the XXI century. Despite a certain amount of scientific literature on metrology and metrological support, the process of deploying research and development of metrology in Ukraine during the ХХ century – beginning of the XXI century not received proper coverage in the historical literature. A classification of the main directions of research problems by subject-thematic basis. It is proved that the first chronological stage of historiography of the selected problem (1900 – the beginning of the twentieth century) was characterized by a small amount of scientific literature on the history of the formation and development of metrological support in Ukraine. The second stage, which began at the turn of 1917 – 1991, was observed a revival of interest in publications on the history of metrology, but the overwhelming majority of them are developments of an anniversary character. At three at the stage (after 1991), scientific works appeared directly devoted to the development of metrological support and the formation of a technical regulation system and the creation of standards in Ukraine. The initial bases of the problem under study are analyzed, the classification of attracted sources is carried out, their information potential is determined. As a result of processing a number of sources from the central and regional archives of Ukraine, a historical reconstruction of the formation of the system of the metrological service of Ukraine during 1901 – 1991 was carried out. As a result of the analysis of the well-known and little-known works of metrologists, museum collections, the article highlights the problem of creating a unique national reference Base Ukraine at the end of the ХХ – beginning of ХХІ centuries. The involvement of the current paperwork of the scientific departments of the NSC “Institute of Metrology”, educational institutions, patent statistical information made it possible to more accurately clarify the reorganization processes that occurred in the context of globalization of the world economy in the sphere of standardization and conformity assessment and integration of Ukraine into the world economy. A number of personal documents are brought to the source base, namely: autobiography, memoirs, correspondence, interview materials.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Де-Метц Г.Г. Столетие метрической системы 1799–1899. Варшава. 1901, 27 с.
2. Каменцева Е.И., Устюгов Н.В. Русская метрология. Москва: высшая школа, 1975. 328 с.
3. Широков К.П., Богуславский М.Г. Международная система единиц. Москва: изд. стандартов, 1984. 112 с.
4. Шостьин Н.А. Очерки истории русской метрологии. XI – начало XX века. 2-е изд. Москва: изд. стандартов, 1990. 280 с.
5. Д.И. Менделеев – основоположник современной метрологии / под ред. В.В. Бойцова. Москва: изд. стандартов, 1978. 240 с.
6. Тарабаев Ю.В. Имени Менделеева. Очерк о НПО «ВНИИМ» им. Д.И. Менделеева. Москва: изд. стандартов, 1984. С. 13–51.
7. Тюрин Н.И. Единицы измерений принятые в СССР. Москва: изд. стандартов, 1947. С. 2–8.
8. 100 лет государственной службы мер и весов / отв. ред. А.П. Кузнецов. Москва, Ленинград: ОГИЗ, 1945. 376 с.
9. Барановський Б.И. Эталонная база Украины ССР в одиннадцатой пятилетке. Измерительная техника. Москва. 1982. № 12. С. 23–24.
10. Сто лет государственной службы мер и весов СССР. Москва: ОГИЗ, 1945. 340с.
11. Грицко Б.А. Развитие метрологических служб в западных областях Украины. Измерительная техника. Москва. 1982. № 12. С. 25–26.
12. Всероссийский научно-исследовательский нститут метрологии имени Д.И. Менделеева / науч. ред. В.О. Арутюнов. Ленинград: «Энергия», 1967. 221 с.
13. ВНИИМС 100 лет. Сборник очерков и воспоминаний. Москва: ВНИИМС. МГОФ «Знание», 2000. 303 с.
14. 100 лет ХГНИИМ: от поверочной палатки до Головного метрологического центра Украины. Харьков, 2001. 216 с.
15. Грицко Богдан. Нариси з історії метрології на теренах України. Львів: Афіша, 2005. 267 с.
16. Храмова-Баранова О.Л. Аналіз розвитку інституційних центрів з метрології в Україні. Наукові праці: науково-методичний журнал. Миколаїв: Вид-во МФ НаУКМА. 2003. Вип. 14. Історичні науки. С. 165–168.
17. Мухаровський М.Я. До 100 річчя створення державної метрологічної служби в Києві. Український метрологічний журнал. Харків: ДНВО «Метрологія», 2002. Випуск 2. 72 с.
18. Сидоренко Г.С., Москаленко І.І. Метрологическая наука в Харькове. Український метрологічний журнал. Харків: ДНВО «Метрологія», 1996. Випуск 4. 64 с.
19. Шидловський А.К. Інститут електродинаміки НАН України – історія, здобутки, перспективи. Технічна електродинаміка. Київ. 1997. № 3. С. 3–12.
20. Окрепілов В.В. От поверки весов – к управлению качеством. Измерительная техника. Москва. 2009. № 8. С. 6–7.
21. Панченко О.О., Тверитникова О.Є., Павленко Ю.Ф. Istory`chni etapy` rozvy`tku kvantovoyi metrologiyi. Матер. XVIII Всеукр. наук. конф. молодих істориків освіти, науки і техніки та спеціалістів. Київ. 2013. С. 230–234.
22. Эталоны / наук. редактор Ю.Ф. Павленко. Харків: вид-во ННЦ «Інститут метрології», 2011. 71 с.
23. Храмова-Баранова О.Л. Історія прикладної метрології в Україні (XVІІІ–середина XXст.): монографія / відп. ред. Ю.О. Храмов. Черкаси, 2010. 282 с.
24. Тверитникова О.Є. Електротехнічна галузь України другої половини XX ст.: напрями розвитку і здобутки: монографія. Харків: «Тим Паблиш Груп», 2017. 500с.
25. Отчет по научной части института. 1950 г. ДАХО (Держ. архів Харків. обл.). Ф. Р-6183. Оп. 1. Спр. 125. Арк. 56.
26. Государственные эталоны СССР: справочник (по состоянию на 1 июля 1981 г.). Москва: изд. стандартов, 1981. 45 с.

References

1. De-Metz G.G. (1901). Stolety`e metry`cheskoj sy`stemy 1799–1899. [Centenary of the metric system 1799 – 1899]. Warsaw. [in Russian].
2. Kamenctva E.I. (1975). Russkaya metrology`ya. Ustugov N.B. [Russian metrology]. Moscow. [in Russian].
3. Shyrokov K.P. & Boguslavsky M.G. (1984). Mezhdunarodnaya sy`stema edy`ny`cz. [International system of units. Moskov: Standard Publishing House]. [in Russian].
4. Shostin N.A. (1990). Ocherky` y`story`y` russkoj metrology`y`. XI – nachalo XX veka. [Essays on the history of Russian metrology. XI – the beginning of the XX century]. Moscow: Standard Publishing House. [in Russian].
5. Boytsov V.V. (Ed). (1978). D.Y`. Mendeleev – osnovopolozhny`k sovremennoj metrology`y`. [Mendeleyev D.I. is the founder of modern metrology]. Moscow. [in Russian].
6. TarabayevYu.V. (1984). Y`meny` Mendeleeva. Ocherk o NPO «VNY`Y`M» y`m. D.Y`. Mendeleeva. [Named after Mendeleyev. Essay on NGO "VNIIM"]. Moscow. [in Russian].
7. Tyurin N.I. (1947). Edy`ny`czy y`zmereny`j pry`nyatye v SSSR. [Units of measurement adopted in the USSR]. Moscow. [in Russian].
8. Kuznetsov O.P. (Ed). (1945). 100 let gosudarstvennoj sluzhby mer y` vesov. [100 years of civil service weights and measures]. Moscow, Leningrad. [in Russian].
9. Baranovskyi B.I. (1982). Etalonnaya baza Ukray`ny SSR v ody`nnadczatoj pyaty`letke. [Reference Base of the Ukraine SSR in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan]. Y`zmery`tel`naya texny`ka – Measuring equipment, 12, 23–24. [in Russian].
10. Sto let gosudarstvennoj sluzhby mer y` vesov SSSR. [One hundred years of public service measures and weights SSSR]. (1945). Moscow. [in Russian].
11. Hrytsko B.A. (1982). Razvy`ty`e metrology`chesky`x sluzhb v zapadnyx oblastyax Ukray`ny. [Development of metrological services in the western regions of Ukraine]. Y`zmery`tel`naya texny`ka – Measuring equipment, 12, 25–26. [in Russian].
12. Arutyunov V.O. (Ed.). (1967). Vserossy`jsky`j nauchno-y`ssledovatel`sky`j nsty`tut metrology`y` y`meny` D.Y`. Mendeleeva. [All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Metrology named after D.I. Mendeleyev]. Leningrad. [in Russian].
13. VNY`Y`MS 100 let. Sborny`k ocherkov y` vospomy`nany`j. [VNIIMS 100 years]. (2000). Moscow. [in Russian].
14. 100 let XGNY`Y`M: ot poverochnoj palatky` do Golovnogo metrology`cheskogo centra Ukray`ny. [100 years of HGNIIM: from the checking tent to the main metrological center of Ukraine]. (2001). Kharkiv, 2001. [in Russian].
15. Hrytsko Bogdan. (2005). Nary`sy` z istoriyi metrologiyi na terenax Ukrayiny`. [Essays on the history of metrology in Ukraine]. Lviv. [in Ukrainian].
16. Khramova-Baranova O.L. (2003). Analiz rozvy`tku insty`tucijny`x centriv z metrologiyi v Ukrayini. [Analysis of the development of institutional centers on metrology in Ukraine]. Naukovi praci: naukovo-metody`chny`j zhurnal – Scientific works: Scientific and methodical journal. Mykolaiiv. Historical sciences, 14, 165–168. [in Ukrainian].
17. Mukharovskyi M.Ya. (2002). Do 100 richchya stvorennya derzhavnoyi metrologichnoyi sluzhby` v Ky`yevi. [By the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the state metrology service in Kyiv]. Ukrayins`ky`j metrologichny`j zhurnal – Ukrainian Metrological Journal. Kharkiv, 2, 72. [in Ukrainian].
18. Sydorenko H.S. & Moskalenko І.І. (1996). Metrology`cheskaya nauka v Xar`kove. [Metrological science in Kharkiv]. Ukrayins`ky`j metrologichny`j zhurnal – Ukrainian Metrological Journal. Kharkiv. 4, 64. [in Ukrainian].
19. Shydlovskyi A.K. (1997). Insty`tut elektrody`namiky` NAN Ukrayiny` – istoriya, zdobutky`, perspekty`vy`. [Institute of Electrodynamics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – history, achievements and perspectives]. Texnichna elektrody`namika – Technical electrodynamics, 3, 3–12. [in Ukrainian].
20. Okrepylov V.V. (2009). Ot poverky` vesov – k upravleny`yu kachestvom. [From scales to quality management]. Y`zmery`tel`naya texny`ka – Measuring equipment, 8, 6–7. [in Russian].
21. Panchenko O.O. & TverytnykovaO.Ye., & PavlenkoYu.F. (2013). Istory`chni etapy` rozvy`tku kvantovoyi metrologiyi. [Historical stages of the development of quantum metrology]. Mater. XVIII Vseukr. nauk. konf. molody`x istory`kiv osvity`, nauky` i texniky` ta specialistiv – Mother XVIII Allukr. sciences conf. young historians of education, science and technology and specialists. (pp. 142–144). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].
22. PavlenkoYu.F. (Ed). (2011). Etalony. [Samples. Science]. Kharkiv. [in Russian].
23. Khramova-Baranova O.L. (2010). Istoriya pry`kladnoyi metrologiyi v Ukrayini (XVIII–seredy`na XXst.. [History of Applied Metrology in Ukraine (X III – the middle of the XX century.)]. Cherkasy. [in Ukrainian].
24. Tverytnykova, O.Ye. (2017) Elektrotekhnichna haluz Ukrainy druhoi polovyny KhKh st.: napriamy rozvytku i zdobutky. [Electrical industry of Ukraine second half of the twentieth century: achievements and areas of development: monograph.] Kharkiv. [in Ukrainian].
25. Otchet po nauchnoj chasty` y`nsty`tuta. [Report on the scientific part.]. (1950). State Archive of Kharkiv Region. F. R-6183. Op. 1. Iss. 125. [in Russian].
26. Gosudarstvennye etalony SSSR (po sostoyany`yu na 1 y`yulya 1981 g.). [State standards of the USSR. (July 1, 1981)]. Moscow. [in Russian].

##article.numberofviews## 5
##article.numberofdownloads## 2
Published
2018-12-17
How to Cite
Lyashuga, I. (2018). Historiography and source base development of metrological support in Ukraine (ХХ – beginning of ХХІ centuries). History of Science and Technology, 8(2(13), 340-352. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-2(13)-340-352