Institutution for limited proprietary rights in scientific works of Kyiv Law Society (Second half of the XIX century)

Keywords: history of law, rents land tenure, institutution of limited property rights, the right to other people's things, lease relations

Abstract

The article highlights the contribution of scientists of the Kyiv Law Society to solving the problems of licit land tenure in the second half of the nineteenth century, which was an example of the Institutution of limited real rights, which is also called the right to other people's things. In the historical context, the basic principles of the activity of the rents law  in the Ukrainian lands are reflected, where it was very popular since the fifteenth century and until the end of the nineteenth century, and it was shown that the rents land tenure was for a long time the right to inherit possession and disposal of land belonging to the private owner, for which the latter received an annual unchanging payment – rents. The main stages of the emergence and development of the rents legal relations from the time of the Lithuanian-Ruskoi state and up to the last decades of the existence of the Russian Empire have been considered. It is shown how in the various historical periods at the legislative level, the actual legal relations were maintained in the most important normative legal acts that acted on the territory of modern Ukraine. The main changes in this issue after 1840 are shown, when on the Ukrainian lands the Lithuanian statute was abolished and the Code of Laws of the Russian Empire was introduced, which banned the rents legal relationship. That also led to a number of problems, because Rents land tenure after 1840 was no longer legal regulation. It was traced as members of the Kyiv Law Society raised this issue and initiated its decision at the legislative level. The analysis of scientific works of the members of the Kyiv Law Society has been carried out, which showed that the development of the economy in the conditions of capitalist relations in the second half of the nineteenth century led to the fact that the existing legal relations became unfavorable for landowners. Therefore, they tried to resolve the problem for several decades by their efforts in a situation that required the implementation of a large-scale reform, transferring the existing legal relations to the term lease. The contribution of the members of the KLS to the implementation of the actual reform, in particular, in the work on the "Regulations on the land structure of village perpetual rents in the provinces of West and Biloruskykh" in 1886, which finally abolished the rents legal relations and began the transformation of civil legal relations between large landowners and former rents owners who lived on the lands of the latter, in the conditions of the new socio-economic realities of the country.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Цивільний кодекс України. Ст. 395. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15 (Дата звернення 15.10.2018)

Пихно Д.И. О чиншевом владении. Протоколы Киевского юридического общества. Университетские известия. 1877. №10. С.105–134.

Шевчук А. Земельний устрій чиншовиків Волинської губернії за законом 1886 р.: політика царської влади стосовно національної меншини. Волинські історичні записки. Т.1. 2008. С.142–149.

Майкут Х.В. Розвиток інституту речових прав на українських землях за Литовськими статутами. Науковий вісник Львівського державного університету внутрішніх справ. 2009. №1. С. 1–12.

Протоколы заседаний Киевского юридического общества. Протокол заседания №5 от 24-го марта 1879. Университетские известия. 1879. №12. С.52–63.

Бачур Б.С. Правове регулювання земельних відносин на українських землях, що ввійшли до складу Російської держави (ІІ половина ХVІІ – І половина ХІХ століття). Вісник Одеського національного університету. 2007. Т.12. Вип.11. С. 22–30.

Копылов А.В. Вещные права на землю в римском, русском дореволюционном и современном российском гражданском праве. М.: «Статут», 2000. 255 с.

Незабитовский В.А. Замечания по вопросу о чиншевом владении в западнях губерниях. К., 1883. 87 с.

Борисевич С.О. Реалізація чиншової реформи 1886 р. в Подільській губернії. Український історичний журнал. 2005. №2. С.78–90.

Квачевский А.А. Положение о поземельном устройстве сельских вечных чиншовиков в губерниях западных и белорусских. Варшава, 1887. 203 с.

Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy (2003). [Civil Code of Ukraine]. Art. 395. URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15 [in Ukrainian]

Pikhno D.I. (1877). O chinshevom vladenii. Protokoly Kiyevskogo yuridicheskogo obshchestva [About Chinsh possession. Protocols of the Kiev Law Society]. Universitetskiye izvestiya. №10. P.105–134 [in Russian]

Shevchuk A. ( 2008). Zemelnyi ustrii chynshovykiv Volynskoi hubernii za zakonom 1886 r.: polityka tsarskoi vlady stosovno natsionalnoi menshyny. Volynski istorychni zapysky [Land service of Chinshovikoi, Volinskoi Governorate, under the Law of 1886: Politics of Tsar power due to the national minority. Volinsky historical notes]. V.1P.142–149. [in Ukrainian]

Maikut Kh.V. (2009). Rozvytok instytutu rechovykh prav na ukrainskykh zemliakh za Lytovskymy statutamy. [Development of Material Rights in the Ukrainian lands according to the Lithuanian statutes]. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav. №1. P. 1–12. [in Ukrainian]

Protocols of meetings of the Kiev Law Society (1879). Protocol of the meeting number 5 from March 24, 1879. [Protokolyi zasedaniy Kievskogo yuridicheskogo obschestva. Protokol zasedaniya #5 ot 24-go marta 1879]. Universitetskie izvestiya. #12. P.52–63. [in Russian]

Bachur B.S. (2007). Pravove rehuliuvannia zemelnykh vidnosyn na ukrainskykh zemliakh, shcho vviishly do skladu Rosiiskoi derzhavy (II polovyna XVII – I polovyna XIX stolittia) [Legal regulation of land deprivation in the Ukrainian lands, that became part of the Russian state (II half of the XVIII - І half of the XIX century)]. Visnyk Odeskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. V.12. Vyp.11. P. 22–30. [in Ukrainian]

Kopylov A.V. (2000).Veshchnyye prava na zemlyu v rimskom. russkom dorevolyutsionnom i sovremennom rossiyskom grazhdanskom prave [Material rights on land in Roman, pre-revolutionary Russian and modern Russian civil law]. M.: «Statut». 255 p. [in Russian]

Nezabitovskiy V.A. Zamechaniya po voprosu o chinshevom vladenii v zapadnyakh guberniyakh. [Remarks on the issue of Chinsh possession in the western provinces]. K. 1883. 87 p. [in Russian]

Borysevych S.O. (2005). Realizatsiia chynshovoi reformy 1886 r. v Podilskii hubernii [Realization of Chinsh reform 1886 r. in Podіlskіy provinces]. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal. №2. P.78–90. [in Ukrainian]

Kvachevskiy A.A. (1887). Polozheniye o pozemelnom ustroystve selskikh vechnykh chinshovikov v guberniyakh zapadnykh i belorusskikh [Provision on the land organization of rural eternal Chinshovikov in the provinces of Western and Belarusian]. Varshava. 203 p. [in Russian].


Abstract views: 56
PDF Downloads: 34
Published
2018-12-17
How to Cite
Pylypchuk, O. O. (2018). Institutution for limited proprietary rights in scientific works of Kyiv Law Society (Second half of the XIX century). History of Science and Technology, 8(2(13), 500-514. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-2(13)-500-514