Development of meteor astronomy at the Odessa University during the period of Ukraine's independence

Keywords: Odessa Astronomical Observatory, meteor patrol, television telescopic method, Kryzhanovka, Snake Island

Abstract

The article using the methods of bibliographic and source study analysis and systems approach highlights the state and main trends in the development of meteor astronomy in Odessa during the time of independent Ukraine. At the beginning of the 21st century, continuous meteor patrol was restored at the Odessa Astronomical Observatory, which was intensively conducted at the Observatory during Soviet times. It was based on the use of the television and telescopic method, which was used in the CIS for the first time. The advantages of using the television telescopic method in comparison with the photographic and radar methods for solving the fundamental problems of meteor astronomy are noted. The text gives valuable information on the features of continuous meteor patrols at the observation station Kryzhanovka and the work of the expeditionary automatic meteor patrol on Snake Island (Odessa region, Ukraine). The methods of conducting telescopic television observations and processing observational material developed by Odessa researchers are considered. The main directions of meteoric studies conducted in the Odessa Astronomical Observatory using television meteor patrol materials were determined. Studying the physics of meteoric phenomena, obtaining exact coordinates of individual meteor radiant, spectral observations of meteors, studying double and multiple meteors, studying the structure and density of meteoric dust particles, solving interaction problems meteor showers with the Earth’s atmosphere, statistics of meteor phenomena in the Earth’s atmosphere are the main directions of meteoric studies of Odessa Astronomical Observatory. The scientific potential of Yu. M. Gorbanev in the field of meteor astronomy of, the leader of the meteoric group, O. V. Holubaieva, the head of the meteor's television patrol at the Kryzhanovka observation station in 2003-2011, as well as participation in the meteor research S. H. Kimakovskyi, I. I. Kimakovskyi, S. V. Podlesniak, I. A. Stognieieva, L. A. Saresta, A. F. Prinzykov, V. A. Shestopalov, etc are noted. Conclusions are drawn about the importance of conducting meteoric research for the development of fundamental and applied science.

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Published
2019-06-18
How to Cite
Hrushytska, I. (2019). Development of meteor astronomy at the Odessa University during the period of Ukraine’s independence. History of Science and Technology, 9(1(14), 77-88. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2019-9-1(14)-77-88