The value of the Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University (1869-1930) in the development of scientific research and the popularization of scientific knowledge in Ukraine

  • Anhelina Korobchenko Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University
Keywords: The Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University, natural science, science, popularization, educational activities

Abstract

The article reveals the importance of the Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University in the development of scientific research and the popularization of scientific knowledge in Ukraine. Social, economic, political processes that occur today in Ukraine actualize historical memory and direct historical science to comprehend the scientific processes that took place in Ukraine in ancient times. The reconstruction of scientific Ukraine in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries would be incomplete without an indication of the role and importance of the Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University. The author proves that the activity of the Society was versatile, large-scale, imbued with high scientific ideas and democratic tendencies. It is stated that the effectiveness of this activity was ensured by the active work of the most prominent figures of science, culture, education, namely: V. M. Arnoldi, P. I. Biletskyi, O. A. Hrosheim, O. V. Hurov, V. Ya. Danylevskyi, A. M. Krasnov, I. F. Levakovskyi, O. V. Nahornyi, O. M. Nikolskyi, Ya. V. Roll, M. M. Somov, P. P. Sushkin, V. I. Taliev, L. S. Tsenkovskyi, O. V. Chernaуa, V. O. Yaroshevskyi. In particular, the role of scientists in deployment of a wide range of floristic, faunistic, geological and geographical researches as in the territory of provinces of the Kharkov educational district, and it is far beyond its limits is shown. It is emphasized that thanks to the fruitful activity of members of society considerable scientific results which promoted the development of many branches of domestic natural sciences were received. It was a company with an effective organizational structure and program of activities; it achieved outstanding results both in applied research and in the popularization of science. The Society was one of the channels for ensuring the interconnection of science and society. It acted as a certain social institute, which envisaged conducting active communication activity both within the Society and beyond. Besides, training of future generations of scientists was carried out at a high level, which testified to another feature of the Society as a social institute and a phenomenon in the system of science. The author provides little-known information about the Society, specifies evaluations and conclusions, which relate to separate parts of the scientific and popularizing activity of the Society.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Atemasova, T. A. (2017). Istoriia rozvytku zapovidnoi spravy na Kharkivshchyni [The history of protected areas’ n etwork development in the Kharkov region]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Seriia biolohiia - The Journal of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University Series “Biology”, 28, 101-109. https://doi.org/10.26565/2075-5457-2017-28-12 [in Ukrainian].

Bagalej, D. Y., & Osipov, I.P. (Ed.) (1911). Uchenye obshhestva i uchebno-vspomagatelnye uchrezhdeniya Kharkovskogo universiteta [Scientific societies and educational institutions of Kharkiv University (1805–1905)]. Kharkiv: Tipografiya «Pechatnoe delo» [in Russian].

Chesnova, L. V., & Fando, R. A. (2008). Russkie estestvoispytateli (na rubezhe 19 i 20 vekov) [Russian naturalists (at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries)]. Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii nauk – Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 78 (12), 1103-1110 [in Russian].

Demuz, I. O. (2014). Naukovi tovarystva na terenakh Ukrainy ХІХ – pochatku ХХ st.: poliloh uchenykh i epokh [Scientific Societies in the territory of Ukraine in the ХІХ – the beginning of the ХХ centuries: polilogue of scientists and eras]. Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi: FOP Lukashevych O. M. [in Ukrainian].

Gelfenbeyn, L. L. (1965). Kharkivske Tovarystvo doslidnykiv pryrody ta yoho vnesok u rozvytok vitchyznianoho pryrodoznavstva [Kharkiv Naturalists Society and its contribution to the development of national natural science]. Narysy z istorii tekhniky i pryrodoznavstva: Resp. mizhvidomchyi zbirnyk (Seriia: istoriia tekhniky i pryrodoznavstva) – Essays on the history of technology and science: Repub. Ministry of Health (Seria: history of technology and natural sciences), 5, 130-136 [in Ukrainian].

Kononenko, M. P. (2004). Rol naukovo-pryrodnychykh tovarystv u rozbudovi hromadianskoho suspilstva [The role of scientific and natural societies in the development of civil society]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats NDIU – Collection of scientific papers of NIIU (Vol. ІІІ), (97-108). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Korobchenko, A. A. (2014) Znachennia osvitnoi diialnosti Tovarystva doslidnykiv pryrody pry Kharkivskomu universyteti dlia populiaryzatsii pryrodnychykh znan v Ukraini (druha polovyna 19 – pochatok 20 stolittia) [The importance of the activity of the Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University for the popularization of natural knowledge in Ukraine (the second half of the XIX – the beginning of the XX century)]. Problemy suchasnoi pedahohichnoi osvity. Cer.: Pedahohika i psykholohiia: zb. statei - Problems of modern pedagogical education. Ser.: Pedagogy and psychology, 45, (Vol. ІV), (pp. 146-152). Yalta: RVV KHU [in Ukrainian].

Korobchenko, A. A. (2016). Tovarystvo doslidnykiv pryrody pry Kharkivskomu universyteti (1869-1930): orhanizatsiini zasady, naukova ta kulturno-prosvitnytska diialnist [The Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University (1869-1930): organizational principles, scientific and cultural-educational activities]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv: SETTU [in Ukrainian].

Materialy pro orhanizatsiiu ta robotu naukovykh pryrodoznavchykh tovarystv i naukovo-doslidnykh ustanov Ukrainy (polozhennia, protokoly, statuty, zvity, dopovidi, dopovidni ta naukovi zapysky, plany, naukovi pratsi, koshtorysy, shtaty) (31 sichnia 1921 r. – 28 sichnia 1925 r.). [Materials on the organization and operation of scientific natural societies and research institutions of Ukraine (regulations, protocols, charters, reports, scientific notes, plans, scientific papers, cost sheets, workforce) (January 31, 1921 – January 28, 1925)]. Foundation 166. People’s Commissariat for Education of the USSR [in Ukrainian].

Pavlenko, Yu. V., Ruda, S. P., Khorosheva, S. A., & Khramov, Yu. O. (2001). Pryrodoznavstvo v Ukraini do pochatku 20 st. v istorychnomu, kulturnomu ta osvitnomu kontekstakh [Natural science in Ukraine before the beginning of the XX century in a historical, cultural and educational context]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «Akademperiodyka» [in Ukrainian].

Polovka, S. H., & Polovka, O. A (2017). Istorychnyi zriz stanovlennia pryrodnycho-heohrafichnykh doslidzhen u kharkivskomu tovarystvi doslidnykiv pryrody v druhii polovyni 19 – pochatku 20 stolittia [The historical section of the formation of natural geographical research in the Kharkov society of nature testers in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V.N. Karazina. Seriia «Heolohiia. Heohrafiia. Ekolohiia» - The Journal of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series «Geology. Geography. Ecology». 46, 129-135. https://doi.org/10.26565/2410-7360-2017-46-18.

Pylypchuk, O. Ya., & Strelko O. H. (2018). Istorychnyi analiz vplyvu diialnosti S. Yu. Vitte na rozvytok zaliznychnoho transportu u Rosiiskii imperii [Historical Analysis of the Influence of S. Yu. Witte on the development of salvage transport from the Russian Empire]. Іstorіya nauki і tekhnіki – History of science and technology, 8(2(13)), 353-367. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-2(13)-353-367.

Ustav Obshhestva ispytatelej prirody pri Imperatorskom Kharkovskom universitete, (1869). [Charter of the Naturalists Society at the Imperial Kharkiv University.]. Kharkоv: Universitetskaya tipografiya [in Russian].


Abstract views: 38
PDF Downloads: 15
Published
2019-12-10
How to Cite
Korobchenko, A. (2019). The value of the Naturalists Society at Kharkiv University (1869-1930) in the development of scientific research and the popularization of scientific knowledge in Ukraine. History of Science and Technology, 9(2(15), 211-224. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2019-9-2(15)-211-224