Cooperation with AEG in 1925–1928 as the first form of scientific-technical borrowings in the electric machine-building industry of the Ukrainian SSR
Scientific-technical borrowings are one of those types of scientific support for the work of industrial sectors, whose role in the conditions of exiting the crisis to acquiring the particular importance. Since the mid-1920s, they have become the main how of scientific support for the organization of the development of Ukrainian electric machine-building industry in the context of large-scale electrification of the country. That was due to the need for a quick withdrawal of this industry from the previous crisis in the absence in the Ukrainian SSR of its own scientific support system for the electric machine engineering. The first form of scientific-technical borrowings for the republican segment of the Soviet Union profile industry was the agreement between the State Electrotechnical Trust and the German electrotechnical company Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft on scientific-technical cooperation. The main objective of this act was to achieve at the lowest possible financial cost the fastest possible increase in productivity of the Kharkiv Electromechanical Plant. To do this, it was supposed using the American technologies for the production of electrical machines but implemented them on German technological equipment. Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft was the company that already made such it at the beginning of the twentieth century using the technologies of the General Electric Company. Moreover, in the pre-Soviet period, it made an attempt to hold a similar act at the Kharkiv Electromechanical Plant, which it owned in this time; however it ended in failure due to the revolutionary upheavals that began in Ukraine. Thus, the agreement concluded with the German company was a continuation of the same actions, what itself had begun, but, already in new historical realities. That is, the Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft actions were copied by the Soviet government, however, adapted to the Soviet way of organizing industrial production. Despite the fundamental difference between the latter and the working conditions of the Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft in Germany, the concentration of the parties precisely on the scientific and technical component of the project made it possible to achieve the expected result in full. However, at the same time, Ukrainian electric machine builders focused specifically on the speed of duplication of scientific-technical knowledge missed the opportunity to study the methodology for obtaining them. This became the reason that these scientific-technical borrowings did not become the proper basis for the formation of the scientific component of the scientific-technical potential of the domestic electric machine-building industry.
Annienkov, I. O. (2014). Opredelenie urovnia nauchnogo obespecheniia proizvodstva na zavode Russkogo Obshchestva Vseobshchaia kompaniia elektrichestva v 1915–1918 gg. posredstvom nomenklaturnogo analiza vypuskaemoi produktsii [Determining the level of scientific support for production at the plant of the Russian Society "Vseobshchaia company elektrychestva" in 1915–1918 through nomenclature analysis of products]. Vestnik Tomskogo universiteta. Istoriia –Bulletin of Tomsk University. History, 5(31), 3–38 [in Russian].
Annienkov, I. O. (2015). Orhanizatsiini struktury elektromashynobudivnoi haluzi v Ukrainskii RSR u 1922–1941 rr. [Organizational structures of the electric machine-building industry in the Ukrainian SSR in 1922–1941]. Istoriia nauky i tekhniky – History of Science and Technology, 7, 3–20 [in Ukrainian].
Annienkov, I. O. & Annienkova, N. G. (2015). Heohrafiia importu metaloobrobnoho obladnannia dlia elektromashynobudivnoho vyrobnytstva Kharkivskoho elektromekhanichnoho zavodu v 1920-kh–1930-kh rokakh. [The geography of import of metalworking equipment for electric machine-building production of the Kharkiv Electromechanical Plant in the 1920s–1930s.]. Problemy sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku pidpryiemstv: materialy VIII Mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf. – Problems of socio-economic development of enterprises: proceed. VIII Internat. scientif. and practic. conf. (рр. 179–180). Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].
Annienkova, N. G. (2019). Praktyka zastosuvannia naukovo-tekhnichnykh zapozychen v ukrainskomu verstatobuduvanni u 1920-kh rokakh [The practice of applying scientific and technical borrowings in Ukrainian machine tool building in the 1920s]. Visnyk ahrarnoi istorii – Bulletin of agrarian history, 27–28, 249–254 [in Ukrainian].
Belkind, L. D. et. al. (Eds). (1957). Istoriia energeticheskoi tekhniki SSSR [History of energy technology of the USSR]: v 3 t. T. 2.: Aleksandrov, A. G. et. al. (1957) Elektrotekhnika [Electrical engineering]. Moskva, Leningrad: Gosenergoizdat [in Russian].
Carr, E. H. & Davies, R. W. (1978). A History of Soviet Russia: Foundations of a Planned Economy 1926–1929. London: MacMillan Press. V 1: P 1.
Glebov, I. A. (Ed.). (1999). Istoriia elektrotekhniki [History of Electrical Engineering]. Moskva: Moskovskii energeticheskii institut [in Russian].
Hutchings, R. (1984). The structural origins of soviet industrial expansion. London: MacMillan Press.
Kamienieva, V. A. (1959). Pavel Petrovich Kopniaev: biografiia otdelnogo litsa [Pavel Petrovich Kopnyaev: biography of an individual]. Moskva, Leningrad: Gosenergoizdat [in Russian].
Lisin, I. I. & Zuck, I. J. (Eds). (1935). KHEMZ im Stalina v borbe za novye vysoty sovetskoi elektrotekhniki Materialy tekhpromfinplana 1935 goda [HEMZ them. Stalin in the struggle for new heights of Soviet electrical engineering: Materials technical-industrial-financial plan 1935]. Kharkiv: Ukranskii robitnik [in Russian].
Novikov, M. V. (2006). Inostrannyi kapital v sovetskoi elektrotekhnicheskoi promyshlennosti silnykh tokov formy privlecheniia i rezultaty ispolzovaniia 1920 1932 gg [Foreign capital in the Soviet electrical industry of strong currents: forms of attraction and results of use (1920-1932)]: (PhD abstruct). Volgograd [in Russian].
Savchuk, B. S., & Siuh, A. V. (2012). Heorhii Yevhenovych Yevreinov – znakova postat hirnychoi nauky [Georgy Evgenievich Evreinov – a landmark figure in mining science]. Naddniprianska Ukraina: istorychni protsesy, podii, postati – Over-Dnipro Ukraine: historical processes, events, figures, 10, 193–204 [in Ukrainian].
Sutton, А. С. (1968). Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development (1917–1965): in 3 vol. Vol. 1: 1917–1930. Stanford: Stanford University [in English].
Tkachenko, S. S. (2006). Vnesok P. P. Kopniaieva u rozvytok vitchyznianoi elektrotekhniky [Contribution of P.P. Kopnyaev to the development of domestic electrical engineering]. Aktualni pytannia istorii nauky i tekhniky: mat-ly 5 Vseukr. nauk. konf. – Actual issues of the history of science and technology: proceed. 5th All-Ukr. scientif. conf. (рр.45–48). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Tverytnykova, O. Ye. (2007). Stanovlennia haluzi elektrotekhnichnoi promyslovosti v Ukraini v pershii chverti XX st. [The formation of the electrical industry in Ukraine in the first quarter of the twentieth century]. Aktualni pytannia istorii nauky i tekhniky: mat-ly 6 Vseukr. nauk. konf. – Actual issues of the history of science and technology: proceed. 6th All-Ukr. scientif. conf. (рр.202–204). Poltava [in Ukrainian].
Tverytnykova, O. Ye. (2009). Vnesok uchenykh kharkivskykh Tekhnolohichnoho ta Elektrotekhnichnoho instytutiv u rozvytok elektrotekhnichnoi haluzi Ukrainy (1885–1950 rr.) [Contribution of scientists of Kharkiv Technological and Electrotechnical institutes to development of electrotechnical branch of Ukraine (1885–1950)]: PhD thesis. Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].
Vasil'ev, M. P. Potresov, V. E. & Tejtell, I. V. (1922). Promyshlennost Ukrainy v 1921 godu [Industry of Ukraine in 1921]. Kharkiv: USNKH [in Russian].
Suzdal'cev, V. V. et. al. (1965a). 1918-1964. In Voznesenskiy, A. A. (Ed). (1965a), Ocherk istorii Kharkivskogo elektromekhanicheskogo zavoda [History of the Kharkiv Electromechanical Plant]: v 2. Ch. Ch. 2. Kharkiv: Prapor. [in Russian].
Suzdal'cev, V. V. et. al. (1965b). Rabochie zavoda «Union»-VEK v bor'be protiv samoderzhaviya i kapitalizma (1888–1917) [Workers of the Union-VEK factory in the struggle against autocracy and capitalism (1888–1917)]. In Voznesenskiy, A. A. (Ed). (1965b). Ocherk istorii Kharkivskogo elektromekhanicheskogo zavoda [History of the Kharkiv Electromechanical Plant]: v 2. Ch. Ch. 2.: Kharkiv: Prapor [in Russian].
Vydolob, Yu. F. & Sen’ko, V. I. (1998). Kafedra teoretychnykh osnov elektrotekhniky [Cathedra of Theoretical Foundations of Electrical Engineering]. Fakultet elektroenerhotekhniky. Narysy istorii – Faculty of Electrical Engineering. Historical essays, 53–75 [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 63 PDF Downloads: 17
Copyright (c) 2020 History of science and technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.