Formation components of technical science in Ukraine in the 60‒70s of the XIX century

  • Vira Okorokova South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushіnsky https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0661-4313
  • Olha Likhachova South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushіnsky
Keywords: Journal of the Ministry of Education, scientific school, scientific and technological progress, technical science

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the formation of technical science in Ukraine in the second half of the XIXth century. The source of data for the research was found in the articles of the "Journal of the Ministry of Public Education" that was published in the 60‒70s of the XIXth century. This historical source explains the chronological boundaries of the research mentioned. The authors draw attention to the formation of technical science as to a complex process that developed from the historical and cultural transformations in the field of scientific research of Ukrainian society back in the days. Paradigmatic shifts in Western European science that penetrated the scientific circles of the Ukrainian social environment contributed to the intensification of scientific and technological progress. It is noted that the latter had a great influence on education which, as shown in the article, became one of the components in the forming process in the field of science and technology.In particular, we are talking about the active work of scientific and technical intelligentsia, which became the driving force in this process, which was expressed in the creation of a theoretical and methodological basis for scientific activities. Based on a wide range of methods derived from the historical research, the progress factors in this scientific field as well as the growth of scientific schools of leading mathematicians, physicists, and other representatives of technical science were discovered. On the basis of the biographical method of analysis the creative way of heads of known scientific schools (V. Ya. Buniakovskyi, I. O. Vyshnehradskyi, M. V. Ostrohradskyi, F. N. Shvedov and others) in line with the trends of the then Ukrainian scientific and technical industry.The research points out the importance and invaluable contribution made by scientists for further motivation and actualization of the research in subsequent years. It is emphasized that the emergence of scientific schools and modernization of the technical education system have become the main components in the formation of the scientific and technical elite. It was made through an active scientific activity that contributed to the formation of technical science at the theoretical and methodological levels.

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Published
2020-12-12
How to Cite
Okorokova, V., & Likhachova, O. (2020). Formation components of technical science in Ukraine in the 60‒70s of the XIX century. History of Science and Technology, 10(2), 339-352. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2020-10-2-339-352