The history of the creation of lasers and analysis of the impact of their application in the material processing on the development of certain industries

  • Artemii Bernatskyi E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Vladyslav Khaskin Guangdong Welding Institute (China-Ukraine E. O. Paton Institute of Welding)
Keywords: laser, history of lasers, Theodore Maiman, National Museum of American History, laser market, laser applications

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the history of the creation of the laser as one of the greatest technical inventions of the 20th century. This paper focuses on establishing a relation between the periodization of the stages of creation and implementation of certain types of lasers, with their influence on the invention of certain types of equipment and industrial technologies for processing the materials, the development of certain branches of the economy, and scientific-technological progress as a whole. In preparing the paper, the generally accepted methods, which are widely used in the preparation of historical research works, have been applied: the historical method – for the study and interpretation of the texts of primary sources and the search for other evidence used for research, as well as for the presentation of historical events associated with the development of laser technology; the historical-genetic method – for studying the genesis of specific historical phenomena and analyzing the causality of changes in the development of laser technology; the historical-critical method – for displaying cause-and-effect relationships, reconstructing events that influenced the development of laser technology; the method of historical periodization. The variety of different possible options for the use of lasers did not allow placing all the collected materials within the framework of one paper, and therefore, the authors have decided to dwell on the facts, which, in the opinion of the paper’s authors, are the most interesting, significant, poorly studied, and little known. The paper discusses the stages of: invention of the first laser; creation of the first commercial lasers; development of the first applications of lasers in industrial technologies for processing the materials. Special attention is paid to the “patent wars” that accompanied different stages of the creation of lasers. A comparative analysis of the market development for laser technology from the stage of creation to the present has been carried out. It has been shown that the modern market for laser technology continues to develop actively, as evidenced by the continued stable growth of laser sales over the past 10 years. This indicates that the demand for laser technology is inextricably linked with the development of high technology production and scientific-technological progress. The analysis has shown that recently, the trends in the use of laser technology have changed; in particular, their industrial and medical applications are decreasing, while there is an increase in their use in the fields of sensor production and communication.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anderson, J. E., & Jackson, J. E. (1965). Theory and application of pulsed laser welding. Welding Journal, 44(12), 1018–1026.

Anonymus. (1962, May 1). Hughes Aircraft adding new line. New York Times, 49.

Anonymus. (1966, January). Western Electric uses Raytheon laser in forming special dies from diamonds. Raytheon News, 15(1), 2.

Belforte, D. (1993). Laser welding: a technology in transition. In Industrial Laser Review Buyers Guide. Nashua: PennWell.

Belforte, D. (2010, January 1). Milestones in industrial laser materials processing. Industrial Laser Solutions. Retrieved from https://www.industrial-lasers.com/cutting/article/16485102/milestones-in-industrial-laser-materials-processing.

Bensoussan, H. (2016, October 5). The history of laser cutting: from MASERs to CO2 laser cutting. Sculpteo. Retrieved from https://www.sculpteo.com/blog/2016/10/05/the-history-of-laser-cutting-from-masers-to-co2-laser-cutting/.

Bernatskyi, A. V., Berdnikova, O. M., Klochkov, I. M., Sydorets, V. M., & Chinakhov, D. A. (2019). Laser welding in different spatial positions of T-joints of austenitic steel. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 582(1), 012048. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/582/1/012048.

Bernatskyi, A., Sydorets, V., Berdnikova, O., Krivtsun, I., & Chinakhov, D. (2020). Pore formation during laser welding in different spatial positions. Solid State Phenomena, 303, 47–58. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.303.47.

Bromberg, J, (1991). The Laser in America, 1950–1970. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Choudhury Kaul, S., Sandhu, M. S., & Alam, Q. (2019). Researching the history of marginalized issues in management research: A proposed interpretive framework. Journal of Management History, 25(2), 237–256. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMH-06-2018-0030.

Cohen, M. I., Mainwaring, F. J. & Melone, T. G. (1969). Laser interconnection of wires. Welding Journal, 48(3), 191–197.

Conti, R. J. (1969). Carbon dioxide laser welding. Welding Journal, 48(10), 800–806.

Dutta Majumdar, J., Manna, I. (2003). Laser processing of materials. Sadhana, 28(3–4), 495–562. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02706446.

Earls, A. R., & Edwards, R. E. (2005). Raytheon Company: The First Sixty Years. Massachusetts: Arcadia Publishing Library Editions.

Fairbanks, R. H., & Adams, C. M. (1964). Laser beam fusion welding. Welding Journal, 43(3), 97–102.

Hecht, J. (2010). A short history of laser development. Applied optics, 49(25), F99–F122. https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.49.000f99.

Hess, R. A. (2013). A survey of lasers at the birth of holography. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 415(1), 012027. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/415/1/012027.

Hilton, P. A. (1997, August 18). Early days of laser cutting. In L. H. J. F. Beckmann (Ed.), Lasers in Material Processing, 3097, (pp. 10–16). Munich: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers https://doi.org/10.1117/12.281076.

Holton, C., Overton, G., Nogee, A., & Belforte, D. (2016, February 1). Annual laser market review & forecast can laser markets trump a global slowdown. Retrieved from https://www.laserfocusworld.com/lasers-sources/article/16546938/annual-laser-market-review-forecast-can-laser-markets-trump-a-global-slowdown.

Holton, C., & Nogee, A. (2021, February 24). Amid crises and challenges, laser markets stay the course. Retrieved from https://www.laserfocusworld.com/lasers-sources/article/14196044/covid19-had-a-major-impact-on-global-laser-markets-yet-revenue-remained-generally-healthy.

Ion, J. C. (2005). Evolution of laser material processing. In J. C. Ion, Laser Processing of Engineering Materials. Principles, Procedure and Industrial Application, (pp. 12–40). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-075066079-2/50005-2.

Khaskin, V. Yu., Bernatskyi, A. V., Siora, O. V., & Nikulin, O. T. (2011). Study of influence of conditions of process of laser superficial processing of the loaded steel articles on structure and properties of obtained layers. Metallofizika i Noveishie Tekhnologii, 33(SPEC. ISS.), 561–567.

Klauminzer, G. K. (1984). Twenty years of commercial lasers: a capsule history. Laser Focus/Electro-Optics, 20(12), 54–79.

Loeffer, J. R. (1977). Numerically controlled laser soldering – fast, low cost, no rejects. Assembly Engineering, 20(3), 32–34.

Lukešová, H., Andersen, H. L., Kolínová, M., & Holst, B. (2019). Is it hop? Identifying hop fibres in a european historical context. Archaeometry, 61(2), 494–505. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12437.

Maiman, T. (1960). Stimulated optical radiation in Ruby. Nature, 186(4736), 493–494. https://doi.org/10.1038/187493a0.

Maiman, T. H. (2018). Hughes Patent Blunders. In: The Laser Inventor. Springer Biographies, (pp 191–200). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61940-8_22.

Markashova, L., Berdnikova, O., Bernatskyi, A., Sydorets, V., & Bushma, O. (2019). Crack resistance of 14KhGN2MDAFB high-strength steel joints manufactured by laser welding. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 224(1), 012013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/224/1/012013.

Moorhead, A. J. (1971). Laser welding and drilling applications. Welding Journal, 50(2), 97–106.

Mueller, R. (2010, April 6). Going mainstream. Retrieved from https://www.canadianmetalworking.com/canadianmetalworking/news/metalworking/going-mainstream.

National Museum of American History. (n. d.) Head Piece from Maiman Laser. Retrieved from https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_712855.

O'Neill, G. J. (1983). Laser: the space age tool. The Rotarian, 142(6), 18–21.

Platte, W. N. & Smith, J. E (1963). Laser techniques for metals joining. Welding Journal, 42(11), 481–489.

Prima Power. (n. d.). History Prima Power. Retrieved from https://www.primapower.com/our-history/.

Prima Power (n. d.). 3D fiber laser machine Rapido Prima Power. Retrieved from https://www.primapower.com/rapido-3d-laser-machine/.

Quentin, U. (2017, October 8). Time and Light. TRUMPF. Retrieved from https://www.trumpf.com/ru_RU/presse/onlain-zhurnal/time-and-light/.

Rigby, P. (2010, May 01). And then there was light. Retrieved from https://physicsworld.com/a/and-then-there-was-light/.

Rose, M. & Hogan, H. A. (2019 June). History of the Laser: 1960 – 2019. Retrieved from https://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=42279.

Shakir, Q. J., & Patel A. R. (2017). Use of lasers in periodontics. International Journal of Current Research, 9(01), 44806–44809.

Shelyagin, V. D., Krivtsun, I. V., Borisov, Yu. S., Khaskin, V. Yu., Nabok, T. N., Siora, A. V., . . . Nedej, T. N. (2005a). Laser-arc and laser-plasma welding and coating technologies. Avtomaticheskaya Svarka, (8), 49–54.

Shelyagin, V. D., Khaskin, V. Yu., Shitova, L. G., Nabok, T. N., Siora, A. V., Bernatskyi, A. V., & Chizhskaya, T. G. (2005b). Multi-pass welding of heavy steel sections using laser radiation. Avtomaticheskaya Svarka, (10), 46–49.

Shelyagin, V., Zaitsev, I., Bernatskyi, A., Sydorets, V., Dubko, A., & Bondarenko, O. (2018). Contactless monitoring of welding processes with computer processing of acoustic emission signals. In Proceeding’s 14th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering, TCSET 2018. (pp. 706–710). Lviv: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSET.2018.8336298.

Siora, O. V., & Bernatskyi, A. V. (2011). Development of basic processing methods of laser welding of joints of dissimilar metals. Metallofizika i Noveishie Tekhnologii, 33(SPEC. ISS.), 569–576.

Storozum, M. J., Zhang, J., Wang, H., Ren, X., Qin, Z., & Li, L. (2019). Geoarchaeology in China: Historical trends and future prospects. Journal of Archaeological Research, 27(1), 91–129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10814-018-9119-5.

Strelko, O., Pylypchuk, O., Berdnychenko, Yu., Hurinchuk, S., Korobchenko, A., & Martyian, Y. (2019). Historical milestones of creation of computers technology automated system for passenger transportations management 'express' on the railway transport in the USSR. In Proceeding’s 2019 IEEE 2nd Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, UKRCON 2019, (pp. 1214–1219). Lviv: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/UKRCON.2019.8879892.

Strelko, O., Pylypchuk, O., Berdnychenko, Yu., Hurinchuk, S., Gamaliia, V., & Sorochynska, O. (2019). Historical milestones of electrotechnical equipment creation for active experiments in the near-earth space by ukrainian scientists. In Proceeding’s 2019 IEEE 2nd Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, UKRCON 2019, (pp. 1229-1234). Lviv: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/UKRCON.2019.8879983.

Sullivan, A. B. J., & Houldcroft, P. T. (1967). Gas-jet laser cutting. British Welding Journal, 14(8), 443–445.

Taylor, N. (2000). LASER: The inventor, the Nobel laureate, and the thirty-year patent war. New York: Simon & Schuster.

The Welding Institute. (n. d.). Laser spot welding. Retrieved from https://www.twi-global.com/media-and-events/insights/laser-spot-welding.

Thoss, A. (2021, May 20). Global laser markets in the time of COVID-19. Retrieved from https://www.laserfocusworld.com/photonics-business/article/14200786/ global-laser-markets-in-the-time-of-covid19.

Vaks, E., Milen'kij, M., & Saprykin, L. (2017). Praktika precizionnoj lazernoj obrabotki [The practice of precision laser processing]. Moscow: Technosphere.

Van Lent, W., & Durepos, G. (2019). Nurturing the historic turn: “history as theory” versus “history as method”. Journal of Management History, 25(4), 429–443. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMH-03-2019-0017.

Wikipedia. (n. d.). Theodore Maiman. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Maiman

Zhang, B., & Liu, Y. (2019). An overview on the studies of the history of machinery in China. In: Zhang B., Ceccarelli M. (Eds.), Explorations in the History and Heritage of Machines and Mechanisms. History of Mechanism and Machine Science, 37. (pp. 64–73). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03538-9_6


Abstract views: 117
PDF Downloads: 45
Published
2021-06-26
How to Cite
Bernatskyi, A., & Khaskin, V. (2021). The history of the creation of lasers and analysis of the impact of their application in the material processing on the development of certain industries. History of Science and Technology, 11(1), 125-149. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2021-11-1-125-149