Analysis of prerequisites and conditions for the foundation of an aircraft engine enterprise in Ukraine

Keywords: Russian Empire, history of technology, aircraft engineering, Ilya Muromets aircraft, first aircraft engine, bomber


World War I proved air forces to be a critical driver for warfare outcomes. Mastery of the latest technology appeared to be crucial to the battle’s success. The combat capabilities of airplanes improved manifold due to the increased power of aircraft engines, thus initiating a new era in aeronautics. By July 1917, the aviation of the Russian Empire included 91 air squadrons and 5 units of heavy multi-engine aircraft known as Ilya Muromets. Several enterprises, including the town of Aleksandrovsk, were manufacturing engines for these planes. The origin of engine production in Aleksandrovsk was associated with the establishment of a branch of Petrograd Joint Stock Company of Electromechanical Structures called Deka. The article aims at analyzing the prerequisites and conditions for the foundation of an aircraft engine enterprise in Ukraine. While drafting the article, the authors relied on chronological, historiographical, and other historical methods of research, which have been widely used both in considering the contribution and influence of certain individuals and reviewing the stages of creation and development of separate enterprises, as well as specific industries. Based on the retrospective analysis, the prerequisites and conditions of the foundation of the aircraft engine enterprise in Aleksandrovsk, Ukraine, were considered. There was a severe gap between the Russian Empire and European countries in the development pace of the aviation industry during World War I. This prompted the Russian Empire to raise foreign capital, as well as attract technologies and specialists to develop aircraft engineering and other industries. By 1917, the plant had gained the status of Russia’s largest engine-building enterprise in terms of building area and one of the best in equipment. It is evident that the beginning of aircraft engine production in Aleksandrovsk relates to the establishment of a branch of Petrograd Joint Stock Company of Electromechanical Structures and the plant’s purchase from the Moznaim brothers.


Download data is not yet available.


Alekseev, V. (2012). Na zare sotrudnichestva [At the dawn of cooperation]. Vek Kachestva – Age of Quality, (1/2), 74–44. Retrieved from [in Russian].

Baig, A., Al‐Ma'adeed, S. A., Bouridane, A., & Cheriet, M. (2018). Automatic segmentation and reconstruction of historical manuscripts in gradient domain. IET Image Processing, 12(4), 502–512.

Beggs, R. M., & Sikorsky, I. (2014). Faith of our father Igor Sikorsky's eternal legacy. In 70th American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2014 (Vol. 3, pp. 1670– 676). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: American Helicopter Society International.

Bogdanov, P. (2021). Birth, development and concepts for the use of aviation in warfare before The First World War. Scientific Research & Education in the Air Force – AFASES, 2021, 155–164.

Boguslaev, V. A. (2011). Energiya, rozhdennaya dlya poleta [Energy born for flight]. Kiev: Zlatograf [in Russian].

Chaney, O. P., & Greenwood, J. T. (2019). Patterns in the Soviet aircraft industry. In R. Higham, & J. W. Kipp (Eds.), Soviet Aviation and Air Power (pp. 265–287). New York: Routledge

Degtyarev, S. I., Gerasymov, T. Y., Gut, J., & Polyakova, L. G. (2021). Pervaya mirovaya vojna i kollektivnaya vizual'naya illyuziya: sluchaj v Zhitomire [World War I and the collective visual illusion: A case in Zhitomir]. Bylye Gody – Bylye Gody, 16(3), 1519–1526. [in Russian].

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Zaporizkoi oblasti – State Archive of Zaporozhye Region (SAZR). Fund 24,Inventory 1, Case 956, Sheet 16.

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Zaporizkoi oblasti – State Archive of Zaporozhye Region (SAZR). Fund 24, Inventory 1, Case 2014, Sheet 20.

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Zaporizkoi oblasti – State Archive of Zaporozhye Region (SAZR). Fund 24,Inventory 1, Case 956, Sheet 16.

Erdogan, A. (2021). Collection of Government Documents on Workers 1920–1921. Morrisville: Lulu Press, Inc.

Fortier, R. (1996). Igor Sikorsky: One man, three careers. Ottawa: National Aviation Museum.

Ivanov, I. (2010). Plamennoe serdce [Fiery heart]. Nauka i Tekhnika – Science and Technology, (10), 61–68 [in Russian].

Jones, D. R. (2013). The emperor and the despot: Statesmen, patronage, and the strategic bomber in imperial and soviet Russia, 1909–1959. In R. Higham, & M. Parillo (Eds.) The influence of airpower upon history: statesmanship, diplomacy, and foreign policy since 1903 (pp. 115–143). Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Jones, D. R. (2019). The Beginnings of Russian air power, 1907–1922. In R. Higham, J. W. Kipp (Eds.). Soviet Aviation and Air Power (pp. 15–33). New York: Routledge.

Karataev, V. B., Adinyaev, S. I., Artemova, S. F., & Volkov, A. N. (2019). From the history of the dawn of aviation: Biplanes of the early XX century. Bylye Gody – Bylye Gody, 51(1), 406–412. [in Russian].

Kemaloğlu, M. (2014). Azebaycan’ın İlk Savaş Pilotu Ferruh Ağa Gayıbov [The First Combat Pilot of Azerbaijan-Farrukh Gayıbov]. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 3(1), 237–250. Retrieved from [in Turkish].

Kozlova, I. V. (2010) Moznaimy – kupcy, promyshlenniki [Moznaims – merchants, industrialists]. Zaporizkyi arkhiv. Studii z istorii yevreiv Zaporizkoho kraiu (XIX – percha polovyna XX st.) [Zaporozhye archive. Studies in the history of the Jews of the Zaporozhye region (XIX – first half of the XX century)] (pp. 30–35). Zaporizhia: State Archives of Zaporizhia Region, Zaporizhia National University, Zaporizhia City Branch of the Ukraine-Israel Society. Retrieved from [in Russian].

Kulikov, V. (2001). Aeroplanes of Lebedev's Factory. Air Power History, 48(4), 4–17.

Lamberg, J. A., Lubinaitė, S., Ojala, J., & Tikkanen, H. (2021). The curse of agility: The Nokia Corporation and the loss of market dominance in mobile phones, 2003–2013. Business History, 63(4), 574–605.

Lashkov, A. Yu., & Golotyuk, V. L. (2015). Glavnyj opponent shefa russkoj aviacii [The main opponent of the chief of Russian aviation]. Voenno-istoricheskij zhurnal – Military Historical Journal, (7), 67–70 [in Russian].

Lazko, A. (2020, February 12). The largest pre-WW1 plane – Sikorsky’s S-22 ‘Ilya Muromets’ – made its maiden flight Feb 12, 1914. Retrieved from

Lee, D. G., Lee, S., Kim, M., & Shin, H. (2018). Historical inference based on semi-supervised learning. Expert Systems with Applications, 106, 121–131.

Lenc, L., Martínek, J., Král, P., Nicolao, A., & Christlein, V. (2021). HDPA: historical document processing and analysis framework. Evolving Systems, 12(1), 177–190.

Li, F., Kuhn, S. L., Bar-Yosef, O., Chen, F. Y., Peng, F., & Gao, X. (2019). History, chronology and techno-typology of the Upper Paleolithic sequence in the Shuidonggou area, northern China. Journal of World Prehistory, 32(2), 111–141.

Ly, N. T., Nguyen, K. C., Nguyen, C. T., & Nakagawa, M. (2019). Recognition of anomalously deformed kana sequences in Japanese historical documents. IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems, 102(8), 1554–1564.

Manioudis, M., & Milonakis, D. (2021). Smith’s Wealth of Nations and the economic past: setting the scene for economic history? The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 28(1), 142–163.

Michel, N., & Smadja, I. (2021). Mathematics in the archives: deconstructive historiography and the shaping of modern geometry (1837–1852). The British Journal for the History of Science, 54(4), 423–441.

Nemkov, V. S. (2009, May). Role of Prof. V. P. Vologdin and his school in radio and electrotechnology. In IEEE EUROCON 2009 (pp. 1020–1027). St. Petersburg: IEEE.

Pestrikov, V. M., Yermolov, P. P., & Slyozkin, G. V. (2021, November). Valentin Vologdin–the creator of the first Russian machine radio stations. In 2021 7th IEEE History of Electrotechnology Conference (HISTELCON) (pp. 85–90). Moscow: IEEE.

Popov A. (2019). A failed attempt at the assimilation of mass production technology for aircraft engines in Russia as exemplified by the Moscow plant of the French company Gnome et Rhône: 1912–1917 (the metallurgical aspect). Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki – Questions of the history of natural science and technology, 40(1), 38–60. [in Russian].

Pylypchuk, O. O., & Strelko, O. H. (2020). Count A. P. Bobrinsky (1826–1894), the third minister-reformer of railway management in the russian empire. Analele Universitatii Din Craiova – Seria Istorie, 25(1), 7–20. Retrieved from

Rance, E., & Snape, M. (2021). Anglicans and aviators: The First World War and the forgotten origins of Royal Air Force Chaplaincy. Journal of Religious History, 45(2), 257–279.

Sashnikova, S. (2016). New Petrogradskaya District in St. Petersburg: a symbol of modernity. Master's Thesis. Retrieved from

Schwonek, M. R. (2014). Improvising an air service: The rise of military aviation in Poland, 1918–1920. War in History, 21(4), 518–537.

Shavrov, V. B. (1974). History of airplane designs in the USSR up to 1938. Virginia: Army Foreign Science and Technology Center Charlottesville. Retrieved from

Shunkov, V. (2022). Armiya sovremennoj Rossii [Army of modern Russia]. Minsk: Harvest [in Russian].

Sikorsky, S. I. (2007). The Sikorsky Legacy. Charleston, Chicago, Portsmouth, San Francisco: Arcadia Publishing.

Sinikov, A. (2014). Gospodstvo v vozduhe: istoriya i sovremennost' [Air domination: history and modernity]. Vestnik Akademii Voennyh Nauk – Bulletin of the Academy of Military Sciences, (3), 153–159. Retrieved from [in Russian].

Sizov, F. F. (2019). Brief history of THz and IR technologies. Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 22(1), 67–79.;

Stamper Jr, G. L. (2000). The Sikorsky S-16 and Russian aviation during the Great War. War in History, 7(1), 65–81.

Strelko, O. H., & Pylypchuk, O. Ya. (2021). Apollon Konstantinovich Krivoshein: The last Railway Minister of the Russian Empire in the era of Emperor Alexander III. West Bohemian Historical Review, 11(1), 1–23. Retrieved from

Sulistyo, W. D., Khakim, M. N. L., Jauhari, N., & Anggraeni, R. D. (2021). Fun learning history: Explore the history of water sites based on Android. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (IJET), 16(07), 105–118.

Vasigh, B., & Azadian, F. (2022). The Globalization and Evolution of the Aviation Industry. In Aircraft Valuation in Volatile Market Conditions (pp. 1–65). Cham: Springer.

Vasilev, K. K., & Vasilev, Yu. K. (2017). Voennyj vrach Russkoj armii Konstantin Finne (1878–1956): u istokov medicinskoj sluzhby Dal'nej aviacii Rossii [Military physician of the Russian Army Konstantin Finne: the down of the medical service of Long-range aviation of Russia]. Voenno-Medicinskij Žurnal – Russian Military Medical Journal, 338(3), 84–89. [in Russian].

Wang, X., Chang, Y., Xu, Z., Wang, Z., & Kadirkamanathan, V. (2021). 50 Years of international journal of systems science: a review of the past and trends for the future. International Journal of Systems Science, 52(8), 1515–1538.

Zhurilo, D. Y., Gutnyk, M. V., & Zhurilo, A. G. (2022). George Bothezat and his contribution into the world aviation and astronautics. Space Science and Technology, 28(1), 70–80.

Abstract views: 357
PDF Downloads: 121
How to Cite
Vaniuha, L., Zharkova, I., Markovych, M., Pryidun , S., & Drevnitskyi, Y. (2022). Analysis of prerequisites and conditions for the foundation of an aircraft engine enterprise in Ukraine. History of Science and Technology, 12(1), 169-185.

Most read articles by the same author(s)