I. H. Verkhratskyi (1846–1919): at the origins of Ukrainian natural science

  • Liudmyla Vaniuha Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
  • Yaroslava Toporivska Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1808-6271
  • Oksana Hysa Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
  • Iryna Zharkova Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
  • Mykola Bazhanov Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
Keywords: natural terminology, zoology, botany, Lviv University, Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society

Abstract

Among the scientists of European greatness, who at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries showed interest to the folklore of Galicia (Halychyna) and Galician Ukrainians, contributed to their national and cultural revival, one of the leading places is occupied by the outstanding Ukrainian scientist Ivan Verkhratskyi (in some other sources – Verkhratsky). He was both naturalist and philologist, as well as folklorist and ethnographer, organizer of scientific work, publisher and popularizer of Ukrainian literature, translator, publicist and famous public figure. I. H. Verkhratskyi was also an outstanding researcher of plants and animals of Eastern Galicia, a connoisseur of insects, especially butterflies, the author of the first school textbooks on natural science written in Ukrainian. The scientist also wrote poetry and translated from foreign languages. The article covers the life and scientific and pedagogical activities of I. H. Verkhratskyi – one of the founders of Ukrainian natural science, who made a significant contribution to the development of Ukrainian natural terminology and nomenclature, the author of the first textbooks on botany, zoology, mineralogy. The authors believe that I. H. Verkhratskyi can be considered one of the founders of Ukrainian scientific terminology in Natural Science, and today his works in this area remain relevant. These works are also valuable from the historical and cognitive points of view as one of the sources for studying the process of formation of the Ukrainian literary language and scientific and natural terminology. I. H. Verkhratskyi devoted himself to the establishment of the Ukrainian literary language, its scientific and journalistic backgrounds, and made a significant contribution to lexicography, dialectology, and schooling. Based on the scientific publications and memoirs of his colleagues and students, the authors have recreated the main stages of his biography and considered his professional career. His activity in the field of formation of natural science terminology have been considered in detail. Dialectological materials of the scientist and researcher I. H. Verkhratskyi are still actively used to study the Galician and Transcarpathian dialects. His achievements as a scientist, teacher and popularizer of science has been summarized.

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Published
2021-06-26
How to Cite
Vaniuha, L., Toporivska, Y., Hysa, O., Zharkova, I., & Bazhanov, M. (2021). I. H. Verkhratskyi (1846–1919): at the origins of Ukrainian natural science. History of Science and Technology, 11(1), 84-102. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2021-11-1-84-102